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Earthquakes and Agricultural communities

African Experiences

Around 3.5 million people each year are affected by earthquakes. These Earthquakes cause not just severe damage to urban areas and infrastructure but can also have devastating impacts on the livelihood in agricultural communities. The resulting effects on the rural, farming communities can be devastating. This is particularly true as an earthquake event is even more deadly for low lying rural areas due to side effects such as tsunamis and landslides.

Earthquake and the Effects on Agricultural Communities

 A rural community can suffer not just through the loss of members of the community but also loss of expensive livestock, damages crops, crop irrigation systems as well as commercial farming premises. Case studies such as in Pakistan 2005 used the “Sustainable Livelihoods Approach” to put in place a successful rehabilitation strategy. The strategy organised the distribution of seeds, farm tools and more to those in need.
Fortunately, groups are now starting up around the world that are building a resource of knowledge for dealing with earthquakes and the impacts on agricultural communities.

Moroccan Agriculture and the Risk from Seismic Activity
In some regions fragile new micro-economies have grown in recent years to bring investment and social benefits as well as increased wages. Morocco still employs traditional methods of agriculture. These diverse farming systems are good examples of Agroforestry.

 

With more education there could be real improvements in incomes and standards of living by demonstrating using new land management techniques as well as extending sustainable production to maximise revenue land. In Morocco the recent explosion of interest in Argan oil has greatly benefited the women of the Berber communities who manage the Argan forests.

 

Whilst areas such as California in the USA have advanced seismic warning systems and many integrated and organised networks to support the community in the even of an Earthquake countries such as Morocco are much less organised.

 

Earthquake Planning

Earthquakes may strike with no warning. They can cause dramatic changes to the agricultural landscape and have serious impacts on food production and environment. The loss of a harvest or livestock the destruction of irrigation systems and agricultural infrastructure are a the real problem with long term repercussions.

Depending on region and the time of year and altitude exposure to extreme cold of people and livestock can result in losses of livestock. Power system that may support communities and farm can also be lost resulting in the freezing of business.
To ensure a back power supply is a priority in earthquake zones but this level of organisation is not available to the agricultural community in most developing countries.

Financing Recovery After a Catastrophic Earthquake
https://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/R41968.pdf

Approaches for financing recovery from earthquake losses as well as insurance policies protect the insured against a specified loss and Raising earthquake Awareness and Coping Children’s

Raising earthquake Awareness and Coping Children’s Emotions (RACCE) – Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection. Financing rate. 75.00%. Presentation of the project at the kick off meeting · Final Report. University of Crete

Mitigation and Financing of Seismic Risks
https://books.google.es/books?isbn=940100806X
Paul R. Kleindorfer, ‎Murat R. Sertel – 2012 – ‎Business & Economics

Most beneficial from the viewpoint of earthquake protection goals. Aprogram ofinventory, preliminary classification Portfolio Protection against Earthquake Disaster
globalagrisk.com/portfolio-protection/

“Earthquake Index Insurance,” is designed to transfer portfolio risks of financial institutions
Kiplinger’s Personal Finance
https://books.google.es/books?id=KAQEAAAAMBAJ

Establish sound post disaster financing mechanisms to reduce human, economic losses. Up until the 1950s, numerous large-scale typhoons and earthquakes caused extensive damage. A longstanding tradition of effective disaster prevention paid off.
Earthquake Protection – Page 65 – Google Books Result
https://books.google.es/books?isbn=0470855177

Andrew Coburn, ‎Robin Spence – 2003 – ‎Technology & Engineering
Governments may set up social housing programmes or loans or credit schemes for those who otherwise would be unable to find the resources. Risk Financing A global survey of practices.
https://books.google.es/books?isbn=9264234241

Create a disaster-preparedness plan
www.earthquakecountry.info/roots/step2.html

Earthquake Preparedness – American Red Cross. Once the earthquake is over, we will have to live with the risk of fire, the potential lack of utilities and basic services, and the certainty of aftershocks.
www.redcross.org › Get tips from the Red Cross on earthquake safety and preparation for your school, or your organization to update emergency plans and supplies, and to secure
Earthquakes | Ready.gov
www.ready.gov/earthquakes
Find additional information on how to plan and prepare for an earthquake.
emergency.cdc.gov/disasters/earthquakes/prepared.asp

The real key to surviving an earthquake and reducing your risk of injury lies in planning, preparing, and practicing what you and your family will do. Plan to be Safe – Earthquake Country Alliance
earthquakecountry.org/step2/

Earthquake Country Alliance: Seven Steps to Earthquake planning.
earthquakecountry.org/sevensteps/